By Ajai Shukla
Business Standard, 30th June 19
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) is planning to create a second production line in the private sector to build a civilian version of the Dhruv advanced light helicopter (ALH). The public sector aerospace firm’s helicopter production line already full for the next three years in building Dhruv ALH for the military,
On Saturday, HAL brought together Indian private defence firms in Bengaluru to discuss manufacturing the civilian Dhruv ALH, with transfer of technology (ToT) from HAL. Dr Ajay Kumar, Defence Production Secretary, chaired the meeting, which was also attended by HAL chairman, R Madhavan.
Madhavan assessed that 600 civilian Dhruv helicopters were required for Indian customers, including state governments. An upbeat Kumar tweet before the meeting: “India has about 100 civil helicopters. Mexico has ~1000, South Africa has ~1500 and Brazil ~2000. Time to change that!! Discussion today to pave way!”
The biggest concern of private firms, which Kumar sought to addresss at the meeting, was whether sufficient production volumes existed to justify a new production line.
“Under this deal, the selected Indian Partner would also be required to provide support to the customers throughout the life of the product (20 years) thereby ensuring long term business relationship”, said HAL on Saturday.
Before manufacturing begins, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is required to certify the helicopter for civilian operations. In 2003, the DGCA certified the Dhruv Mark I for civilian operations. However, since the Dhruv has evolved into a Mark III version, fresh certification will be required.
HAL sources say that, rather than the time-consuming certification of a whole new helicopter, DGCA will certify only the seven major changes made to the Mark 1. These include a glass digital cockpit and the powerful new Shakti engine.
The current Dhruv Mark 1 civilian helicopter is in use with law enforcement agencies, anti-Naxalite forces, the Border Security Force, government of Jharkhand, Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd and the Geographical Survey of India.
HAL has already built and delivered 159 Dhruvs for the IAF and army. It is currently building another 72 Dhruvs for all three services and the Coast Guard. Given HAL’sproduction capacity of 24 Dhruvs per annum, its production line is busy till 2022-23.
Consequently, in February 2018, HAL put out an Expression of Interest (EOI) seeking private sector participation for building the civilian Dhruv Mark III. It is learned that Adani Group, Bharat Forge, Reliance Defence, Lakshmi Machine Works, AK Birla and CK Birla groups, Nash Industries Bangalore, and Bharat Earth Movers Ltd (BEML) responded. After evaluating responses, HAL ruled out BEML and Nash.
Seeking to expand participation, HAL identified 21 companies and spoke to them in December 2018. After answering questions, HAL issued a Request for Quotations in April 2019. This is currently being processed.
The export market is also being explored for the Dhruv. HAL pilots and marketing teams have given presentations in Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam and Nigeria, it has been learnt. The Indian Air Force’s Sarang helicopter aerobatics team, which flies the Dhruv, participated in the Bahrain Air Show, as well as Aero India 2019.
A large Dhruv order could significantly boost Indian defence exports. These have grown from Rs 1,940 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 10,745 crore in 2018-19.