Friday, 12 August 2011

UK proposes building future warships with India

INS Satpura, pictured here during sea trials, will be commissioned into the Indian Navy next week. The frigate programme under which she was built, Project 17, has gone 260% over the sanctioned budget.

By Ajai Shukla
Business Standard, 11th Aug 11

With defence ministry shipyards unable to meet the Indian Navy’s growing need for warships, New Delhi had no choice but to look to Russian shipyards. Now, with the UK looking to partner India to cut Britain’s warship building costs, one of India’s new private defence shipyards --- which have high-tech facilities but no experience in building large, complex warships --- could get the opportunity to build its first line of world-class frigates.

Business Standard has learned that a cash-strapped UK government has approached New Delhi to jointly design and build a next-generation frigate, designated the Global Combat Ship (GCS). While the UK had originally planned to build this alone (then designated the Type 26 frigate), shrinking defence budgets have forced it to seek international partners. And so India, along with other countries, including Brazil, has been invited into a consortium to design and build the GCS.

The British shipyard that will participate in the GCS project belongs to BAE Systems. The MoD in New Delhi will nominate an Indian shipyard. With the public sector shipyards unable to deliver even the existing orders on time, South Block has little choice but to turn to one of the three new private defence shipyards: L&T; Pipavav; or ABG Shipyard.

“There have been meetings at the government-to-government level. There are continued discussions with the Indian government. There has been clear interest from the Indian Navy. But nobody has made a commitment yet”, says Andrew Gallagher, President, BAE Systems India. The response of the other countries approached by the UK is not known.

Senior MoD officials say off the record that no decision is imminent on the British offer. But they admit that the offer is attractive, since it would provide a learning opportunity for one of India’s big new private sector shipyards to gain experience in building frigates.

The three private shipyards already have orders for small vessels for the navy and the coast guard, none larger than a few hundred tonnes. A frigate, which typically weighs between 5000-6500 tonnes and has complex electronic battle management systems, is far more difficult to design and build.

BAE Systems has described to Business Standard how Whitehall envisages the designing and building of the GCS. The countries that eventually form the consortium would join heads to frame broadly common specifications for the warship. Presently the GCS is planned as a flexi-role frigate; this means that each vessel could be optimised for any one of the three traditional frigate roles: anti-submarine; air-defence; or as a general-purpose frigate. To cater for these different roles and for the different requirements of the participating countries, the basic GCS design would have 80% commonality in design and components, with 20% remaining flexible.

While design responsibility would be shared between consortium members, each country would build its own frigates. This would protect jobs in the politically sensitive warship-building industry in the west. In the case of India, it would develop the capabilities of a fledgling shipyard.

“The Indian Navy has significant warship requirements, and so India would be extremely influential in such a partnership… The GCS commonality would generate operational benefits between friendly navies. And the additional benefit would be that a user, say the Indian Navy, could logistically support these frigates from ports in friendly foreign countries that operate the same ship”, says Gallagher, making the case for India’s participation.

For the force structure of Britain’s Royal Navy, the GCS, (or Type 26 frigate) is crucial. It survived the UK’s budget cuts of 2008 by paring down the Royal Navy’s order for the successful Type 45 destroyer. Last year, the Type 26 frigate survived the ruthless spending cuts imposed in Britain’s Strategic Defence and Security Review. But now, with Whitehall having concluded it cannot go it alone, the partnership of countries like India is essential.

So far, India has entered joint development projects only with Russia and Israel and those in the fields of aeronautics and missiles. But the MoD realises the need to expand warship building to the private sector. Defence shipyards, besides already running to capacity, are plagued by time and cost overruns.

Last week, responding to a question in parliament, Defence Minister AK Antony admitted, “The cost escalation in major indigenous warship building projects of the Navy, which are running behind schedule, has already been about 225% for Project-15A (destroyers), about 260% for Project-17 (frigates) and about 157% for Project-28 (anti-submarine corvettes).”


saurav jha said...

Seems like a good opportunity for a private player. It will be interesting to see some sort of competition between Private and Govt. owned shipyards if this deal goes through.

Rahul said...

Our Private Shipyards can gain experience irrespective of this offer if MoD is serious as much as it is sounding (just contract them for second line P-17). In my opinion, there is no need to invest, co-develop (in reality buy a Brtish design) and then let Privet shipyard make only for Indian Navy.

So, i don't think we have anything to gain from this offer.However, if this British offer has rather had an Indian shipyard becoming the sole constructor for every customer, then it would have been other thing.

Anonymous said...

I really hope we tie up with either UK or French to build our naval strength. It is about time to dump Russia!

Mr. Ra said...

A real good idea for mutual benefit of all concerned. I hope the ToT shall be at maximum possible level.

Anonymous said...

U.K stan is going through the most difficult times. Just like we pulled out the Russian ship building industry, they want us to help them as well. I see no benefit for us doing so. It's better if we can ensure that we build our own ship and speedup the process using various modern techniques. Also the private shipyards better start with production of patrol vessels and move up the ladder. There is nothing that can replace experience. The Navy designs can be produced rather than importing some foreign designs and building them here. L&T better speedup the process of producing the five Naval offshore patrol vessels awarded to them. Complete it fast and then bid for the building of corvettes.

Anonymous said...

Something worth thinking about. UK warship-building is a premier global industry and if we can structure a deal whereby an Indian shipyard gets a foothold in this industry it could well be worth it.

But the devil will lie in the details in terms of transfer of tehcnical capability and intellectual property.

Anonymous said...

How has China done it?

You mean to say Uk is not interested in China? It is China who do not need the other side.

We do need to find an alternative to our dependence on others. That means our own capability and not a shift from one country to the other.

We need a sytem wherein someone teaches you how to catch a fish rather than supplying fish to you. If Russian do not do that then let someone else do that.

Yes, one may have to pay higher to one who teaches you rather than one who supplies you.

What to do when one has been betrayed and dismayed by those DRDO kinds on whom the country reposed the faith.

The other history of let down in war and national defence would be written on DRDO, I am sure.

Anonymous said...

Is there any advantage in partnering with UK when France has already developed FREMM with similar capabilities? I think UK too should join the FREMM program now that GCS is increasingly looking like the former (5500 tons).

Anonymous said...

we dont want british come back again india for buisness perposs,,,,,,, indian generation is ready build is owen all systems....

Anonymous said...

any way take good decision for our country & our futur,why loose our generation,so many people resign government job same like as Research center drdo,isro,iaf why..........?
dont loose our peoples,every one like stay in mother land.
so many sientist sucied case why.....? can u give me any bady answer.....!

Anonymous said...

this is very nice oppurtunity by building a an advance ship we will get experience and tecnology not only tat it will make ally wid uk